The prostate is a small gland that is part of the male reproductive system and is normally about the shape and size of a walnut. It tends to grow larger as you get older. If your prostate gets too large, it can cause a number of health issues. Using a simple blood or urine specimen, GenPath can perform testing to assist in screening, diagnosis, and management of your prostate health. Find out more about one simple test at 4kscore.com and ask your healthcare provider if the 4Kscore® test is right for you.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, is very common in older men. It means your prostate is enlarged but not cancerous. Many men with BPH have no symptoms. In men with symptoms, the most common include needing to urinate frequently (during the day and night), a weak urine stream, and leaking or dribbling of urine.
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland and is common in men of all ages. It may cause frequent or urgent urination, as well as difficulty with urination. Symptoms can range from pain and burning during urination to flu-like symptoms and are similar across the following four types of prostatitis:
- Acute bacterial prostatitis: the least common type of prostatitis; caused by several types of bacteria, but most commonly Escherichia coli (E. coli)
- Chronic bacterial prostatitis: not a common type of prostatitis, but a recurrent bacterial infection that lasts longer (three months or longer) than acute bacterial prostatitis
- Chronic pelvic pain syndrome: most common type of prostatitis, also known as chronic nonbacterial prostatitis (there is no infection found)
- Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis: an uncommon type of prostatitis that is not characterized by symptoms typical of the other forms